Taking an arthroscopic approach to rotator cuff tear repairs rather than an open approach has many advantages. Through the arthroscope, the surgeon is able to see both sides of the cuff, unlike during an open procedure. Additionally, arthroscopic rotator cuff tear repairs tend to result in less pain, smaller scars, increased range of motion, and a faster recovery.
During this procedure, a small camera (arthroscope) is inserted through a few tiny incisions to inspect the damaged joint. Loose fragments and other debris are removed from the joint, and a small tool is used to smooth bone spurs in the area, should they be present. Damaged muscles are brought together and the tendon is reattached to the bone via sutures. The area is then inspected for tissue damage to determine whether additional surgery is needed.